When Glasgow’s tenement system was introduced in 1931, it was a radical move to abolish the dominance of the landlord-tenant relationship, and to create an entirely new tenancy arrangement for all households.
Tenants were not given fixed rents but could negotiate monthly payments, and a tenancy agreement called a tenancy contract provided for the right to buy and sell property at will, with no fixed term.
It meant that tenants could buy property at a rate that they would have to pay back if they sold it.
The policy of the new system, which took place in the years after World War II, came to be known as the “dominant tenancy” model, after its first tenant was the German-born architect Karl Zeiss, who became a Glasgow resident in 1938.
“It was a wonderful idea, because it allowed a lot of the tenants in the tenements to be given a new lease on life,” says Anne Mather, the founder of Glasgow Tenement History, who is currently working to publish the history of the building.
A Glasgow Tenements History project by Anne Muthill in the Scottish National Gallery in Glasgow, Scotland.
(Courtesy of Anne M. Mather)The dominant tenancy model came to an end in the early 1970s, but the model survived and continued to be adopted in the UK and abroad.
In the US, the dominant tenancy has been called the “family rent” model.
But what was the dominant tenement model for the tenement era?
Was it a form of rent control?
A tenancy agreement?
Was there a common tenant?
The dominant tenements of Glasgow were formed through a complex process of negotiation, and landlords were free to negotiate a rent in any way they wished.
And while the term of a tenancy has changed a lot over time, the tenants were able to live in a space where they could work and enjoy their life.
When the tenants moved into the tenancies in Glasgow they had to sign a tenancy deed.
In many cases, the tenant had to be an employee, and the tenant’s job was to manage the building, which meant that the tenant was responsible for maintaining the buildings upkeep.
In the 1930s in Glasgow the tenant who was the boss of the family would rent the property to the family and the family, and then the tenant would pay a rent for each month the family lived there.
But by the 1970s it was more common to have tenants renting out rooms to other tenants in addition to paying their rent.
At the end of the tenancy, the landlord would get the rent for that month.
So when tenants rented out their rooms in Glasgow tenements, the tenants were paying rent to a person who lived in the house and was paying the rent, so the landlord had a common owner.
But it was the landlord who paid the rent.
The landlord then had the right, under the tenancy agreement, to buy the house, but if the tenants sold the property, they had no right to it.
The tenant had no say in how the property was used or cared for.
And when a tenant bought a house, it had to pass through the tenants management, who would have their say in whether or not they could take ownership of the house.
In other words, the house was owned by the tenants, and it was up to the landlord to decide how the house would be used.
How did Glasgow Tenancy History come to be the definitive source for the history and research of the dominant Tenement system in Glasgow?
Anne Muther, an author and lecturer at the University of Glasgow, says that when she started researching her research she had no idea how it would end up as a national treasure.
Anne Muthil says that the most interesting part of her research is that the dominant tenants in Glasgow were able, at the end, to negotiate monthly payment and a rent agreement that gave them a common ownership in the building that would last for decades.
Anne M-ather says that she wanted to make sure that the tenancy system was widely understood, so that everyone would know that tenants in tenements could own the building as a property.
This is not only because it is a history lesson, but because it shows that Glasgow Tenancies History has not only a clear-cut story of the tenency system, but it is also an invaluable resource for historians who want to know more about the tenants of the Glasgow tenement.