A hundred years ago, the Egyptian capital was one of the great centres of the Islamic world.
Today, it is a largely empty, ghost town.
Its residents have been pushed out of the city by the brutal regime of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and the country’s newly installed government.
As of now, the government is trying to erase all traces of the Egyptian city from history and erase the last remnants of its former inhabitants.
It has been described as a “democratisation” of Cairo.
Its destruction would make the city a symbol of the Arab Spring and of the power of the Muslim Brotherhood.
The last thing Egyptians need is another dictatorship, as is happening in Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Egypt.
But for the Egyptians, the city’s destruction is a symbol.
“What happened to the tenement building was a revolution,” says Abdel Fadil Fahmy, a professor of history at Cairo University.
“The city was the place where the Muslim Brothers fought the Ottoman Empire.”
Fahmy’s university has recently opened a new centre dedicated to the history of the Tenement Building, which was built in the late 19th century.
In the early 19th Century, Egypt’s first tenement was constructed by the Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.
In 1789, the Turkish Ottoman army seized the city and imposed its rule on the country.
The Turkish empire was divided into six provinces: Egypt, Anatolia, Syria, Syria and the Levant.
The Sultan of Ankara established the Ottoman court in Cairo, which became the Sultanate of Cairo in 1853.
The Ottoman Empire ruled Egypt for two decades, from 1871 to 1922.
The country had a population of about 20 million people at the time.
In 1924, the Ottoman empire began a process of “democracy”, or modernisation.
During the process, the Sultan ordered the construction of a new, more modern, and modernised city, the new city of Cairo, located on the outskirts of Cairo and named after the Ottoman caliph.
“Egypt was a democracy, it was not a republic, so it was like a republic,” Fahmy says.
“It was a modern city, modernised.
He became a religious fanatic. “
But in the 1920s, there was a change of the Sultan.
He became a religious fanatic.
He started killing people, killing anyone who was Muslim.
So, the state of the country, the society was changing.
He wanted to get rid of all the Muslim people.
He made it impossible for people to live in the country.”
In 1924-27, the population of Cairo grew by more than 50%.
By the end of 1928, more than 2 million Egyptians were living in the city, but it was empty.
Fahmy points out that the Sultan had a very bad reputation for corruption.
He was a religious extremist.
He ordered the destruction of the mosques in Cairo and elsewhere, including in Cairo itself.
“There were rumours that he was going to use a bomb to blow up the mosques, and that he would attack the palace,” FahMY says.
He also ordered the expulsion of all Christians and Jews from Egypt, including the church.
FahMY has a PhD in Egyptology from the University of Cairo but says that he has not studied the details of the new building.
FahMy is also an archaeologist, who was interested in the history and culture of the Ottoman and Arab countries in the 20th century and is now working on his PhD. He says that there are many similarities between the new and old buildings of the old city.
“This is an example of how things can be preserved in a modernised society,” he says.
FahIms work shows the extent of the changes in the buildings in the 1980s.
The first two floors of the building were converted into offices, the third floor was converted into a hospital and the fourth floor was used for a mosque.
FahYs work shows how the city changed dramatically during the 2030s and 40s, as the Ottoman government attempted to remove all traces and all traces that it had left of its old rulers.
“After the death of the last Sultan, he sent his army to restore the city,” FahImans researches show.
“They removed everything that he had done.
They started demolishing everything that was not Ottoman.
They rebuilt the buildings, and built new ones.”
“The government was completely destroyed.
The whole city was demolished.
All of the buildings that were built were destroyed,” FahYm says.
In 1932, the army took control of the whole city and destroyed everything.
“Everything that was built was destroyed, everything that had been built was demolished,” Fahm says, referring to the buildings built by the Turkish architect Mehmet Ali Berkin.
Berkin’s designs were inspired by Ottoman architecture